Robert Hart on Forest Gardening and more

7 stories of planting
Top layer are tall trees – trees that need sun – pear trees, apple trees,
2nd layer = short shade tolerant trees
3rd layer = shrubs – berries, grapes …
4th layer = herbaceous layer – herbs
5th plants that spread horizontally
6th root vegetables – potatoes, carrots …
7th vertical layer -climbers and creepers, beans, gooseberry, kiwi

Start with planting fruit tree orchard spaced as needed (20 feet space around each way) …

then plant dwarf trees midway between these

plant fruit bushes between trees

plant herbs and perennial vegetables on ground level